What Qualifies As A Listed Building?
A number of features can qualify a building for “listed” status. Typically these are special architectural features or the site having a historical significance or interest. Most often, listed buildings will be well over 30 years old with many of them being much older.
In England, there are a couple of ways that a building can become listed. Historic England can choose a building, based on a number or criteria, or it can be nominated. Historic England has the difficult job of protecting the country’s historic environment, and buildings are a key part of that.
Types of Listed Buildings
In England, there are around 500,000 buildings currently listed under one of three main categories.
- Grade I: Buildings of exceptional interest. Only around 2.5% of listed buildings are classified as Grade I. These are highly protected buildings, often churches, castles and country homes. 45% of all Grade I listed buildings in the UK are described as places of worship although others include The Royal Albert Docks and the Clifton Suspension Bridge.
- Grade II*: Particularly important buildings of more than special interest. 5.5% of all listed buildings are considered part of this category. Battersea Power Station is an example of a Grade II* listed building.
- Grade II: Structures that are of special interest. 92% of all listed buildings fall into this category. Most homes that are listed buildings will be Grade II along with other interesting locations such as Abbey Road Studios.
The grade of a building is typically based on its age and rarity, its aesthetic or architectural merits, and its national (or international) interest.
In Scotland, Categories A, B and C are used rather than the English grading system.
It is possible to search for listed building on the historic England website.
Why Is It Important To Understand The Type Of Listed Building You Own?
The type of listed building you own will not only dictate the type of insurance you need, but it will also impact the general maintenance work that can be carried out on the building.
Understanding the protections and reasoning for your building’s grade may help you to better protect it.